Road Trips

The Michigan Road and the Dixie Highway in Carroll County

In 2008, I surveyed the Michigan Road from end to end, documenting the road and its built environment. Here is an installment of that trip report. While this article refers exclusively to the Michigan Road, another historic highway, the Dixie Highway, was routed along this portion of the Michigan Road.

Carroll County was formed in 1828 and was named for Charles Carroll, the only signer of the Declaration of Independence still alive at the time. Almost as soon as the Michigan Road enters Carroll County, the Mathews Hoosier Homestead Farm appears. Hoosier Homesteads are farms that have been in the same family for over 100 years. The house was built in 1862 by George Harness; it and the farm passed through the family to Mary Mathews, granddaughter of the last Harness to own the farm. It served as a stagecoach stop for a while and is said to have been a stop on the Underground Railroad.

Mathews Hoosier Homestead Farm

I wonder what happened to that missing shutter (second floor, front, second window from the left).

Mathews Hoosier Homestead Farm

This old house appears just south of Burlington.

Old house

The road bends slightly east as it enters Burlington, and back west as it leaves.

The Burlington United Methodist Church built this, its second building, on the Michigan Road at 10th St.

This is the church’s third and current building, still on this site.

Burlington United Methodist Church

Shortly after Carroll County was created in 1828, David Stipp, said to be a cold and stingy man, laid out Burlington. It was hoped to become the seat of a new county made partly from the Great Miami Reserve, which was 2 miles east. The Lafayette and Muncie Road crossed the Michigan Road here, but I’ve had no luck finding any information about that road. Burlington was an important stage stop, mill village, and trading center for both whites and Indians from the reservation. The town, named after a chief of the Wyandot native Americans, was incorporated in 1967. 

This hardware store stands on the south end of Burlington’s downtown.

Former fire station

The older part of the building was once the Burlington State Bank, as this 1946 photo shows. I wonder if this was once a fire station. The current fire station is a block west down the side street in the photo below. The big arch certainly could have passed a fire truck.

An old house left near downtown, across the street from the hardware store.

Old house, Burlington

These buildings stand in the heart of downtown.

Business District

This photo shows the middle building sometime in the first half of the 20th century when it was Oyler and Huddleston’s, a dry-goods store.

This photo is from inside Oyler and Huddleston’s, which people in Burlington called the Park Store for some reason.

Some other shots of downtown. I’m guessing that this one is from the 1910s.

This one’s probably also from the 1910s.

This photo from the 1970s shows the northbound road from State Road 22.

This is from the same spot, except southbound, in the 1970s. It shows the Oyler and Huddleston building on the right and the former bank in the next block south.

This is a former general store, north of downtown. On the vacant lot to the north once stood a house built by David Stipp that, after he sold it, was a relay house for stage horses. A tavern was kept in the basement; the entrance was a trap door on the porch!

Old storefront, Burlington

Here’s the store during its days as the Farm Boy store, probably in the 1970s.

Burlington Church of Christ, formerly the Burlington Christian Church. This is the third building the church used, built in 1908, and the second on this site.

Burlington Church of Christ

This 1929 photo was taken after a snowstorm that shut down the town. The Church of Christ is near the center.

This photo is of a well used until 1935 to supply the north side of town (and passing travelers) with water. It was on Burlington’s north edge, just south of the bridge over Wildcat Creek.

There have been quite a succession of bridges over Wildcat Creek. The earliest recorded was a wooden covered bridge. I’m not sure which end is north and which is south!

Here’s the bridge in 1913 during a flood.

This photo from the bridge’s north end was taken in May of 1919, shortly before the bridge was torn down, suggests that the bridge had lived out its life.

A concrete bridge was planned. This formwork was constructed, but a flood destroyed it in 1920. Builders had to start over.

The bridge was finished in 1923. Imagine – the bridge was closed for four years! This bridge, which was described as narrow, may have been a Luten bridge. Even if it wasn’t, it looks typical of the kinds of bridges Indiana was building in this timeframe.

This northbound photo shows the road leaving town and crossing the current bridge, a typical boring slab supported by piers.

Northbound, Burlington

This photo shows the Michigan Road southbound as it heads toward Burlington. This is probably from the 1910s, as the covered bridge is there. Notice that the road is made of dirt.

The Michigan Road wasn’t paved in Burlington until 1929. This early-1900s northbound photo shows how the road became a rutted bog when it was wet.

This photo from about the same time shows not only how the road got rutted when wet, but also how it once rolled. This section has since been leveled; the road through Burlington is entirely level. There were certainly many such dips along the road until the modern era, roughly since 1950, when technology and road funding allowed rolling highways to be flattened.

Sharon is the first spot on the map north of Burlington.

I stopped mostly to take photos of the Sharon Baptist Church.

Sharon Baptist Church

Some old buildings on the road have steps down to the road. Clearly, they are a holdover from a day before the Michigan Road was capable of handling 55 mile per hour traffic. Nobody parks along the road on Sunday morning and walks up these steps anymore.

Sharon Baptist Church

The road had been freshly paved when I drove through. Compare this to the muddy photos from 100 years before! Northbound.

Northbound, Sharon

A cemetery stands north of the Sharon Baptist Church, just across County Road 50N.

Beech Grove Cemetery

Just south of the town of Deer Creek stands Sycamore Row, a historic old alignment. The origin of the sycamore trees is uncertain. But they boxed in this short segment of road, making it a tight squeeze. Unbelievably, this remained the in-service road until 1987! Read more about Sycamore Row here.

Sycamore Row

This is what the road inside Sycamore Row looks like today.

Sycamore Row

The little town of Deer Creek lies just north of Sycamore Row and the creek the town is named after.

This is the Deer Creek Presbyterian Church, which was established in 1842. This building is certainly newer than that.

Deer Creek Presbyterian Church

This Deer Creek building was a feed store during at least the late 1950s. It began its life as the West Sonora Christian Church. I failed to photograph it, but just north of this building is an arch with the words WEST SONORA, which I’m told used to stretch over the Michigan Road. I’m guessing that Deer Creek was once known as West Sonora.

What is this?

Next: The Michigan Road in Cass County, Indiana.

I’ve documented Indiana’s historic Michigan Road extensively. To read all about it, click here.

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