I wonder if schoolchildren in Madison, Indiana, are taught about the Michigan Road when they study Indiana history. It would be a shame if they weren’t, for this historic road begins in their town.
Every road begins somewhere, after all, and this one begins north of Madison’s historic downtown, at the top of West Street.
If you’ve driven the Michigan Road anywhere else along its 270-mile length you know it is, by and large, flat and straight. But its first 8/10 of a mile winds its way up a steep hill. The stars on the map mark the beginning of the road and the top of the hill. It’s an exhilarating start to this historic road!
The Michigan Road was built in the early 1830s to connect Madison, then the state’s largest city, to the new capital at Indianapolis, and then to Lake Michigan. It passed through Greensburg, Shelbyville, Logansport, Rochester, Plymouth, and South Bend on its way to its end at Lake Michigan in Michigan City.
Most of Indiana is flat, but this state’s southern counties feature rugged terrain. That’s in part because of the valley created by the Ohio River, and in part because Ice Age glaciers and their land-flattening effect extended only so far south in what would become Indiana.
Thus, as you begin driving the Michigan Road, you’ll find your car in low gear for the climb.
This is the first house on the Michigan Road. It looks like it’s getting some work.
It’s challenging to photograph this part of the Michigan Road. There are no shoulders and only a couple pulloffs, and plenty of traffic enters and exits old Madison via this hill. You can’t stand very far back from traffic, and drivers don’t expect to find pedestrians as they round one of the many curves. When I walked this hill in 2008 one motorcycle rider stopped, looked at me incredulously, and asked if I had a death wish! He was right, and I vowed not to do it again. So this time we photographed only the bottom, and then the top, of Michigan Hill. Fortunately, I photographed the hill extensively in 2008. The next three photos are from that walk.
The Ohio River is visible from one of the pulloffs. The hill in the distance is Kentucky.
Modern cars have little trouble climbing Michigan Hill, but most early automobiles would have struggled.
Back to 2018 now and at the top of the hill, where you’ll find the Fairmount House. I photographed it extensively in 2008, and shared those photos and what I know about the house here. It was for sale at the time.
The house hasn’t changed in 10 years, but the landscaping sure has. It blocked every clear angle to bring the whole house into the photo.
But it’s a lovely property, made even lovelier by landscaping.
Here’s a view down Michigan Hill from the Fairmount House.
Just beyond where the road levels out stands this monument to the road, placed by the Daughters of the American Revolution the same year the U.S. highway system was born. This portion of the Michigan Road would eventually become US 421, but in 1926 it was assigned number 29 in Indiana’s State Road system.
If you ever drive the Michigan Road from end to end, you’ll find that from here on out the hills and valleys are slight and the curves are gentle.
I shot some shaky handheld video of the ascent in 2008. It’ll give you a good flavor of what the drive is like.
Canon PowerShot S95 (and Kodak EasyShare Z730 Zoom for the 2008 photos)
I’ve documented Indiana’s historic Michigan Road extensively. To read all about it, click here.
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Last updated on 8 April 2020 by Jim Grey