The Olympus XA has been called the little camera that the pros grab when they want to travel light. After shooting with one, I can see why – it’s light and easy to use, and yields standout results. Yet as I researched to write this post, I was surprised to find so many complaints about it.

Olympus XA

The XA’s centerpiece is its fine 35 mm f/2.8 lens, of six elements in five groups. It is only 31 mm long, shorter than its focal length – just imagine the engineering necessary to pull that off! Yet some complain that this design yields barrel distortion and light falloff (darkening) in the corners.

Some also complain about the XA’s rangefinder, saying that the focusing patch is too small, and the awkwardly placed lever has a very short throw. They have a point about the lever’s placement – it’s below the lens and film-speed scale, and its entire range of motion is about a half inch.

Olympus XA

Finally, I read complaints about the range of attachable flashes, that they’re all too big. I’ll grant that complaint. The A11 flash may add only an inch and a half to the XA’s four-inch length, but it sure manages to make it too long for my jeans pocket.

If you like quality 35mm compacts, also check out my review of the Olympus XA2 here. Other small, but not quite this small, 35mm Olympuses I’ve reviewed include the Stylus (here), the Stylus Epic Zoom 80 (here), and the μ[mju:] Zoom 140 (here). Or check out all of my camera reviews here.

I dropped a roll of Fujicolor 200 and two SR44 batteries into my XA and got to shooting. The complainers, I quickly decided, must only be picking at nits. The rangefinder is remarkably easy to focus. The lens returned superb results. But I removed the A11 flash. I did want to carry the camera in my pocket, after all.

Because of the need to set aperture and focus, the XA isn’t quite as instantly ready as its brother, the almost point-and-shoot XA2. But using either camera begins the same way: by sliding the clamshell open to reveal the lens. Be sure to do it by pressing against the ribs on top of the camera.

At a skosh under eight ounces, it was easy to slip the XA into my pocket for a bicycle ride to Juan Solomon Park and its brand new playground. I can’t figure out what this piece of equipment is fun for, but I sure liked the subtle shadow it threw in the evening sunlight. The XA is an aperture-priority camera, meaning you set the aperture and the camera chooses a shutter speed based on what the light meter tells it. The XA can focus as close as 2.8 feet. I set the aperture wide, moved in close, and focused on the nearest blue disc, and got good sharpness up close and a creamy softness father away.

At the playground

The f/2.8 lens can be stopped all the way down to f/22, which is pinhole tiny and in good light would provide sharp results for a mile. It was perfect for this long shot of tiny Kirklin, Indiana.


The XA’s electronic shutter operates from 1/500 to 10 seconds. A display inside the viewfinder shows the shutter speed the camera mates to the aperture you choose.

Kirklin doorway

I really took to the Olympus XA. It became one of my go-to cameras. I’ve shot all sorts of subjects with it, on all sorts of film. Here’s an old Chrysler I photographed on Arista Premium 400.

Black Chrysler

Also, the teeth of an old Dodge Charger. The rangefinder patch is small, but it’s bright enough and I’ve always been able to easily focus it accurately.

Chrome teeth

I made one of my favorite photos of all time with the Olympus XA: approaching the midway of the Indiana State Fair as the sun was almost set. I was shooting Fujifilm Superia X-tra 800.

State Fair at dusk

The controls are all tiny, especially the rangefinder lever. They feel slight, as if too much pressure could break them off. Just go gently and all will be well. But do go, as this camera is such an easy companion to bring along. I brought it along to visit my son at Purdue and we walked along Lafayette’s main street, where I photographed the Lafayette Theater marquee on Agfa Vista 200.

Lafayette Theater

It also came along on a frigid December weekend to Chicago, shooting Kosmo Foto Mono. I kept it in my inner coat pocket when I wasn’t using it so it would stay warm. It performed flawlessly when I brought it out into the chilled air.

Chicago street scene

My one complaint with the XA is that the shutter button requires only the slightest of pressure to fire. I’ve wasted a few shots that way. Not this one, however. I think it turned out fine.

Macy's Chicago at Christmas

You can see several other photos in my Olympus XA gallery.

I picked up my XA at a fire-sale price because the eBay seller mistakenly listed it as an “Olympus A11” after the attached flash. But when this camera was new in 1979, its price was no fire sale: $233, which is equivalent to well north of $800 today. Olympus made XAs through 1985, so even at that price it must have been popular. No wonder; it is a wonderful camera.

If you like old film cameras, check out all of my reviews here!
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19 responses to “Olympus XA”

  1. Dani Avatar

    Lovely picture of Gracie!

    1. Jim Avatar

      I swear she knows when I’m going to take her picture. Her whole demeanor changes. “Again?” her body seems to say.

  2. Ted Kappes Avatar

    Glad you got one of these. About the only complaint I have about the XA is that the film rewind seems cheaply made.

    1. Jim Avatar

      I’ll go along with that. The thumbwheel winder doesn’t feel as solid as you’d expect, either.

  3. Mike Avatar

    Looks like you got a good one. I haven’t used mine much, but it has made some nice pictures for me. The auto-exposure does a particularly good job under a wide variety of conditions. I would probably use my XA more if I didn’t have 15 other rangefinder cameras.

    1. Jim Avatar

      This is a camera I must remember to use sometimes, like my Canonet QL17. I really enjoyed the experience, and got some very nice shots from it, But there isn’t a photographic situation where this is the obvious camera to use. My XA2, on the other hand, appeals to me for street photography because it’s so simple to use and small enough to be invisible. It is the camera I will likely deliberately reach for next time I go out among random people with the object of photographing them.

  4. H.O Avatar

    very nice pictures. XA is great camera too i love it.

    1. Jim Avatar

      I really enjoyed my XA and am looking forward to shooting more with it.

  5. Brandon Campbell Avatar
    Brandon Campbell

    Wow, we’ve had so many cameras in common! The XA is one of my favorite cameras of all time, and one of only two that I insisted on keeping (the other being the Minolta X-700) when I sold all my other film cameras. I’d still be carrying it with me every day if I could afford the film and processing, there are still no digital cameras that come near its combination of size, quality, features, and affordability. Closest I’ve seen so far is my Olympus E-PM1 which with the equivalent lens would be about the size of a Canonet.

    1. Jim Avatar

      I shoot a Canon PowerShot S95 as my everyday digital camera, and it’s pretty darn good. I could shoot only it for the rest of my life and get great photos every day. But my favorite film camera is my Pentax ME. I have a bunch of K-mount lenses for it but almost always shoot my 50mm f/2 lens on it. It’s an easy handler, compact and light. And the Pentax glass is first rate.

  6. Nik.C Avatar

    Just picked up an XA, as I prefer shooting in Aperture priority this was at a really good price I couldn’t ignore on Ebay. I want to get more into street photography, and rather than lug around a big DSLR or even my smaller OM-1,or for that matter my Electro 35 GTN, this is perfect, looks like a toy camera, and wouldn’t threaten a fly with its petite size!
    Apart from it being a design classic, it’s got a great lens, and while its not going win any prizes in the Bokeh stakes, at 2.8, you will get some nice depth.
    I’ve used Ektar 100 in my Electro 35, and just loved the depth of colour , so with another great lens to put thru it’s paces, I’m sure it will live up to the hype!
    Being a recent re-convert to film, it’s so much fun picking up great cameras for so little, and experimenting, my 3 year old often asks for a try when I’m using my Electro 35, obviously he struggles with its size ( and I have to refocus!) but managed to take a self decent shot, I should think he’ll love to get his hands on this!! Just like me!

    1. Jim Avatar

      It’s hard to go wrong with the XA and I agree, it should be a wonderful street-photography camera. Ektar 100 would be fun in this camera. You’re so right about how fun it is to pick up good vintage glass for a pittance.

  7. slow joe crow Avatar
    slow joe crow

    By way of introduction, I found your blog from Curbside Classics. I wanted an XA in high school because I thought a teeny rangefinder camera was cool. Patience is rewarded, I got an XA in a plastic presentation case with a A11 flash for $5 at a garage sale in 2007. Ironically I paid more for the batteries. I will confess to only running one roll of film through it since I got a Nikon D60 shortly afterwards and I had some trouble recalibrating my eye to shooting with a 35mm lens. I should have been better at that since I used my Nikon FM with just a 35mm and a 105mm for years. Anyway thanks for reawakening memories and maybe it’s time to show the kids how we used to do it.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      Thanks for jumping over here! The XA is a great little camera. I like the XA2 about as much; I’ve reviewed it somewhere on here too. You can get Fujicolor 200 for less than two bucks a roll in a lot of places. And processing is reasonable at No excuse not to shoot a little film!!

  8. Dan James Avatar

    Surely one of the greatest candidates for “if I only had one film camera for the rest of my life…”

    That said, ultimately I preferred the original Mju 1. My rangefinder patch was faint on the XA which made critical focusing tricky, so I generally relied on using the distance scale and a smaller aperture (most of the time f/8), so the Mju’s AF made it far more convenient to use. Plus the Mju 1 focuses way closer, around 0.35m to the XA’s 0.85m I believe, which is a massive difference for me. I don’t really like any camera that doesn’t focus closer than 0.5m at least, it’s like a whole world of possible photographs have been taken away from me!

    Still, your shots show what the XA can do at longer distances, and it remains a bona fide 35mm compact classic.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      I haven’t used the XA much, if at all, close up. Medium distances and beyond. But that’s how I tend to shoot rangefinder cameras anyway. I’m not sure why.

      I generally agree with you — a camera that doesn’t focus to within 1-2 feet leaves out so many shots. There are just times when what I’m shooting doesn’t demand that, such as when I’m on the road, and a camera like the XA is a fine choice.

  9. Christian Avatar

    I buy XAs, fix them and sell them. Of course I make a little money but the main purpose is that I love this camera (I own two) and if I can save some of them to allow people to get one…

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      Thank goodness for people like you! You keep cameras like this alive for the next generation. If my XA ever breaks, can I send it to you for repair? I love my little XA and would hate for it to die.

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