Bricks and bridges, on the National Road at Blaine, Ohio

The S Bridge at Blaine

By American standards, the National Road in eastern Ohio is pretty darned old. It was extended west from Wheeling starting in the late 1820s, largely routed over the 1796-97 Zane’s Trace, which was based on even older American Indian trails. None of those trailblazers and roadbuilders had the equipment and technology to do anything but follow the path of least resistance, and so the National Road makes several twists and turns as it heads west from the Ohio River. In contrast, nearby I-70 is a smooth and level ride. It was built in about the early 1970s, when roadbuilders could cut through the hills and fill in the valleys.

Even then, the National Road saw plenty of improvements in its lifetime, especially after the US highway system was founded in 1926 and US 40 was routed over it. One such improvement happened where the road crossed Wheeling Creek at the town of Blaine. The road originally followed what is now Pasko Road, but was straightened in 1933.

Here’s an eastbound photo of Pasko Road where it splits off from modern US 40. Just dig those great bricks! Notice the bridge rising on the right.

Brick road leading to the Blaine S Bridge

That bridge was part of the straightening — and leveling, as its gentle rise eliminated a wicked hill. Fortunately, they left the old one behind, a sandstone three-span S bridge built in 1828. Aren’t they a spectacular pair?

As winding roads were a concession in the old days, so were S bridges. Bridges that crossed a river or stream at right angles were stronger and considerably less expensive to build and maintain than bridges that crossed at an angle. Roads don’t always approach rivers squarely, of course. In Ohio, the solution was to build bridges square to the river and curve the road to meet its ends. This gave these bridges their distinctive S shape and, therefore, their name. A few smaller, single-span S bridges remain on the road in eastern Ohio; I’ll write about them in future posts. As you can see, the 1933 bridge was under renovation when I visited it.

National Road and US 40 bridges at Blaine, OH *EXPLORED on 12/31/19*

This solution worked very well for traffic in 1830 when an average traveler covered maybe ten miles per day. But as the automobile rose to prominence in the 20th century, drivers needed to slow down to negotiate these bridges. Drivers were just as impatient then as now, and so improvements to US 40 eliminated these S bridges, either bypassing them or demolishing them, but always replacing them with direct crossings that did not impede the traveler. In this case, the new bridge also made what had been a very steep ascent west of the S bridge into a more gradual climb, which drivers also appreciated.

But let’s take a look at the workmanship in the 1828 S bridge. Here’s one of the arches, which at the time I visited had no water running under it.

The S Bridge at Blaine

This bridge was built stone by stone. Just look at this workmanship. Notice how some of the stones were cut to fit other stones in.

The S Bridge at Blaine

Despite being bypassed, this bridge and road were used for local access through 1994. The old bridge had deteriorated badly and was in danger of being demolished. Local preservationists persevered, however, leading to its restoration and conversion into a park. (Check out this page at the Federal Highway Administration that tells this story.)

Of course, the National Road was not originally paved in brick. The “brick era” for American roads generally began in the 1910s. My 1916 Automobile Blue Book, a thick guide of turn-by-turn directions between cities and towns, says that the National Road was “good brick, concrete, and macadam all the way” between Wheeling and Columbus. I’d say these bricks were laid not long before then. Weeds poke out from between the bricks west of the bridge where cars are no longer allowed to go.

Brick road leading to the Blaine S Bridge

I saw several old brick alignments on this trip about which I’ll certainly write in posts to come. This was the only one where any of the bricks were marked. Harris Pavers were made in Zanesville, another city along Ohio’s National Road.

Brick National Road

The old road extends beyond the park, where it becomes heavily overgrown. I counted two houses back here with useless driveways to the road. I have to assume that those homeowners now have some sort of access to US 40, which runs behind their houses.

Brick National Road

Soon the old road ends, and abruptly. US 40 is high above us.

End of the line

I left this spot with a strong wish to know how the road used to go west from this point. But then I found this photo at the Historic American Engineering Record at the Library of Congress. The photo is really of the milestone (which has since been moved), but check out the road’s path.

When these photographs were made, the 1933 bridge was new. Check the car in the frame in this eastbound photo of the old milestone.

On the National Road in Illinois, lots of old brick road was left behind too. Check it out.

I’ve driven the National Road from its beginning in Baltimore, MD to its end in Vandaila, IL. To read everything I’ve ever written about it, click here.

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6 responses to “Bricks and bridges, on the National Road at Blaine, Ohio”

  1. ryoko861 Avatar

    A by-gone era! I love to imagine what it was like back then with these old roads. Women in long dresses, steam cars or horse and carriages. Love the brick paving!!! The meandering of the “S” bridges seemed more eye-appealing. The bridges today are stark. Very industrial. Though bridges like the GWB and Brooklyn Bridges are beautiful, even Golden Gate, they don’t have the beauty of those “S” bridges. I totally understand why they had to straighten them though.

    1. Jim Avatar

      Imagining how it used to be is one thing that draws me out onto the old roads.

      I saw three other S bridges on this trip, and got to drive on one of them. Stay tuned!

  2. Lone Primate Avatar
    Lone Primate

    Ach, you’re finding such gold lately. I could chew neutronium with envy looking at that bridge and the road associated with it. Kind of makes you pine for days when an S-bridge could fit the bill… but then you start thinking about polio and the lack of things like heart surgery, X-rays, DVDs, and using the internet to share the joys of folks you’ve never actually met face to face and you think, ah, maybe I’ll pass. :)

    Here’s to the Republic of Letters at Light Speed. :)

    1. Jim Avatar

      According to Google Maps, it’s 6 hours and 20 minutes from Toronto to Blaine, OH! You could do it in one long day if you wanted!

  3. Tori Nelson Avatar

    Glad you found that photo! I wanted to know where the road went, too! Such a cool piece of history. So glad someone thought not to let it be destroyed!

    1. Jim Avatar

      That road went around the hill, clearly! Yay for determined preservationists.

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