Kodak Signet 40

I don’t need any more Kodaks. It’s not that I don’t like Kodaks, but I already have plenty in my collection. So not long ago I made a pact with myself – no more Kodaks! And then almost immediately I came upon this lonely Kodak Signet 40 for ten bucks. Clearly, my self-pacts aren’t very effective.

Kodak Signet 40

It was dirty, so I cleaned it up – but unfortunately with a little too much enthusiasm. See the outer ring surrounding the lens barrel? It contained a depth-of-field scale. Notice how I used the past tense there? My cleaning scrubbed it right off. Argh!

At any rate, on the Kodak scale the Signet 40 is a decent camera. It doesn’t rise to the level of the Retina line in build quality, but it is well assembled of plastic and aluminum.

The Signet 40’s 46mm f/3.5 Ektanon lens also doesn’t compare to the Schneider-Kreuznach lenses typical of Retinas. As best as I can piece together the Signet 40’s lens is a three-element design. The circled L on the lens surround announces that the lens is “Lumenized,” which I gather is Kodak-speak for a magnesium fluoride coating. This lens is also radioactive, as its glass contains thorium oxide. Curiously, this is a unit-focusing lens – the entire lens moves in and out as you focus, rather than just the lens’s front element.

Kodak Signet 40

The Signet 40’s Kodak Synchro 400 shutter allows shutter speeds from 1/5 to 1/400 second – pretty speedy for a camera of this caliber. You have to manually cock the shutter, though.

Kodak Signet 40

Up top is a frame counter, a film-type reminder wheel, and a very large rewind knob that gives tips for shooting with Kodak films available at the time. The wind lever is on the back in the upper right. The shutter button is on the front, right of the lens barrel as you hold the camera.

The Signet 40 was produced from 1956 to 1959. At $65 when new, which is equivalent to well above $500 today, the Signet 40 was a major purchase. But its features and reasonable build quality suggest that it would be a capable performer in the hands of a motivated amateur.

If you like cameras of this type and era, also check out my reviews of three Kodak Pony 135s: the original (here), the Model B (here), and the Model C (here). Or see my review of the similar Argus A-Four (here). Or just check out all of my camera reviews here.

My Signet 40’s shutter was sticky, but I just kept cocking and firing it and pretty soon it loosened up. So I dropped in a roll of Kodak Gold 200 and started shooting. This camera was reasonably pleasant to use. The controls all worked smoothly. I especially liked the focusing ring, which operated with a single finger as I lined up the viewfinder and rangefinder images. My son was climbing the tree in the front yard with some neighborhood boys.

Tree-climbing days

I have two complaints about my Signet 40. First, the rangefinder’s image was on the dim side, which sometimes made it hard to use. Second, the cocking lever was right next to the aperture lever at about f/16. I shot this roll Sunny 16 and more than once moved the aperture selector to f/22 when I meant to cock the shutter.

Wall and window

I met a friend for breakfast one morning so I brought the Signet 40 along. This ’64 or ’65 Plymouth Barracuda was in the restaurant’s parking lot. Modern tires always look strange on a vintage car.

Ooooooo Barracuda

Nearby stands the Astronaut David Wolf bridge, the last steel-truss bridge in Indianapolis. See a video of me driving over it here. The Signet 40 was an easy companion this day, light to carry and easy enough to use.

The Astronaut David Wolf Bridge

The Signet 40’s lens is reasonably sharp, with no softness in the corners. I wasn’t thrilled with the contrast I got, and so I boosted it in Photoshop. But that could be a processor fault rather than a characteristic of the lens.


I got delightful color on this roll.


The Signet 40’s viewfinder doesn’t capture everything the lens sees, making it challenging to precisely frame subjects. I found that the lens captured a little more on the right side of the frame than appears in the viewfinder. It showed up bigtime on this photo of this old Jeep’s grille, but I cropped the image to fix it.


To see more from this camera, check out my Kodak Signet 40 gallery.

The Signet 40 may look like just another cheap Kodak, but it’s a capable performer. If after reading this anything about the Signet 40 appeals to you, consider picking one up — you can buy them for a song on eBay.

If you like old film cameras, check out all of my reviews here!
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43 responses to “Kodak Signet 40”

  1. ryoko861 Avatar

    Was this one of Kodak’s higher end cameras? Did all of Kodak’s cameras use thorium oxide? Would that account for the great picture quality?

    What a cute find. At least it works despite your enthusiastic cleaning. It’s still a great little camera.

    Of course, I can’t end without commenting on the Barracuda. SWEEEET! True, you don’t see many Renagades either.

    1. Jim Avatar

      It was a pretty expensive Kodak for its day. Kodak’s mission was photography for the masses, so they sold a lot of inexpensive fixed-focus cameras. The thorium oxide was present in only a few of Kodak’s lens types, and was not used at all in their inexpensive cameras.

      The Barracuda was a remarkable find, especially out here in rust country. Those modern tires look kind of funny on the car, as if it were wearing shoes two sizes too big!

      1. ryoko861 Avatar

        I have A-LOT of those fixed-focus Kodaks! Now I have something ELSE to check into at garage sales! Thanks! No, really, thank you!!

        Were those Craigers on that car? It does look a bit funny with those wheels.

        1. Jim Avatar

          They do look kind of like Cragers, but I don’t know for sure. I like my old cars restored to original, so when I see mods I kind of gloss over them.

  2. Mike Avatar

    Very nice images from that interesting Kodak.

    1. Jim Avatar

      Thanks! I was surprised by the good results; guess I didn’t expect much.

  3. Lone Primate Avatar
    Lone Primate

    I like that shot with INDIANA poking through the grass. :) Any idea how they keep that clear? That’s the kind of thing I’d expect to be overgrown and lost in the soil in just a few years…

    1. Jim Avatar

      LP, it’s in a landscaped area — kind of a flower bed that gets mulched annually. So it appears to get enough maintenance to keep it from disappearing. There are two other pieces of this, I think they say “National” and “Bank,” as they were on the former Indiana National Bank building.

  4. cindydyer Avatar

    Nice images, Jim. The shed door shot looks like something out of a Martha Stewart magazine article!

    1. Jim Avatar

      Thanks Cindy! It was fun shooting with this camera. I had more fun with my Zeiss-Ikon Contessa LK recently, and as soon as I get the film developed I’ll share about that camera, too!

  5. kali Avatar

    I just found my grandpa’s old Kodak signet 40. I am excited to use it. The range finder is way to dirty to even see through it. Any suggestions for a beginner to try and clean it?

    1. Jim Avatar

      Hi Kali — unfortunately, I haven’t tried taking my Signet 40 apart. I hear that Kodak published a service manual for this camera and that they sometimes pop up on eBay; perhaps you could look for one.

  6. Andre Avatar

    Thanks for your review! I have the same camera. I usually don’t buy Kodaks, but could not resist with this Signet 40. It looks very cool.

    1. Jim Avatar

      Thanks Andre! It was a fun camera to use. I hope you’ll drop some film in yours soon and take it for a spin.

  7. Kitz Eisma Avatar

    hi what film did you used for those beautiful pictures? in a few days m gonna get my own signet 40:)

    1. Jim Avatar

      Hi Kitz – I used Fujicolor 200. It’s inexpensive and easy to come by where I live.

  8. Jeff Faust Avatar

    I got a used Signet 40 from my grandfather in 1980…in those days flash units and other accessories were easy to come by at flea markets, and you could still get 5B flash bulbs at Kmart. I took a lot of great shots with that camera.

    1. Jim Avatar

      The 1980s were the last years, really, of being able to get most old-camera films and accessories. A golden decade!

  9. Jaideep Sidhu Avatar
    Jaideep Sidhu


    Thanks for the review.

    I too recently purchased this camera and it is not very clean. I was wondering how did you clean the metallic exterior? Also, the viewfinder is dusty and dim, any recommendations?

    1. Jim Avatar

      I used a soft cloth and a little glass cleaner, I think, but my advice is to rub gently. I didn’t have problems with my viewfinder, so I can’t advise you there.

      1. Jaideep Sidhu Avatar
        Jaideep Sidhu

        That was fast, thanks a bunch.

        1. Jaideep Sidhu Avatar
          Jaideep Sidhu

          Hey, I just found the User and Service Manual for Signet 40 online. If you would like, how do I share them here?

          1. Jim Avatar

            If it’s a Web site, just paste the link into a comment. Thanks!

            1. Jaideep Sidhu Avatar
              Jaideep Sidhu

              Actually, they are PDFs.

              1. Jim Avatar

                Unfortunately, blogs don’t allow uploads. But I appreciate your willingness to share.

  10. Ashley Avatar

    Hi! Great blog- I just bought the signet 40 at a garage sale. Picked up some 35mm film and was ready to shoot. However, I can’t see thru the viewfinder… It’s just black. I have the lens open. Any advice!? Thank you!!

    1. Jim Avatar

      Ashley, the viewfinder isn’t coupled to the lens. If you can’t see through the viewfinder, the viewfinder is simply broken, I’m afraid. I’m struggling to imagine just what could be wrong. Maybe something inside wiggled loose and is blocking the view.

  11. David Keyes Avatar
    David Keyes

    I bought my Kodak Signet 40 in 1956 for a wholesale price of about $40 (my father worked for a distributor of Kodak cameras). I used the camera exclusively for over 20 years and got many of my best pictures from it. The camera has been sitting in my closet since then, together with it’s flash attachment and the large and small flash bowls. I even have some of the bulbs left over. I think my light meter has long since disappeared. I am thinking of getting the camera back out of the closet and using it with some rolls of film, just for fun. I think the camera is still in virtually mint condition–no fading of the depth of field scale or anything else. But when I get it out again, maybe I will see deterioration from storage. I’ve since used everything from compact cameras to lots of SLR’s and DSLR’s, with lots of lenses. Somewhere along the way, I got lazy and mostly started using automatic exposure settings and taking lots of shots hoping to get a few good ones. I think my photographer skills were better with the Signet 40 and its predecessors that I used going back into the 1940’s. To this day, I am most comfortable with its 46mm focal length–a rare length in today’s market, and I really notice the difference when I use either a 35mm or a 50mm. I could get to about 46mm with a zoom, but like many people, I tend to zoom either all the way in or all the way out, and maybe back off just a little. So your blog on the Signet 40 brings back memories . . .

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      I encourage you to dig out your Signet 40 and shoot with it again. I’ll bet you’ll be surprised — both by the nostalgia of using it again, but also by how you view it now after so many years using SLRs and DSLRs.

  12. Gabe Avatar

    Hey there,

    I was jut wondering what you would consider a reasonable price for a Signet 40. The place down the street from me, dealing mainly in estate auctions, wants $40. Does that sound steep?

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      Sounds high. I’d want it for under $20. The best way to find out what an old camera is worth is to go to eBay and search for it, and then check the box for “closed listings.” It will show you recent auctions for that item plus the prices they sold for.

  13. Bob Cardwell Avatar
    Bob Cardwell

    This was a fairly expensive camera in its day. I wish my family had used such a good camera to take all are family photos on. Most of the family pics are on a cheap “camera for the masses” and are never clear or clean. I have several of the Signet model cameras. I have yet to find a Signet 80 I can afford. I have several dozen cameras in my collection, including three Retinas, but this model is my favorite. I once took a great photo of my Dad that was just perfect with color and focus. Nothing about the photo said antique. I enjoy your blog. It seems I visit many of the same areas as you. I am a Hoosier too.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      What I find to be interesting is how many people bought DSLRs before the camera phone took over. It seems disproportionately high compared to the proportion of people who bought similarly expensive cameras 50-60 years ago. It seems like more people settled for the simplest snapshot cameras then.

      The Signet 40 really does do a nice job — if you can figure out exposure. Not everyone can, which might be why the snapshot cameras ruled then. Today’s DSLRs are auto-everything, which delivers great quality with very little thinking needed.

  14. Kimberly Avatar

    I have a Signet 40 also; but mine came with a flash attachment and I can’t figure out what kind of bulb to replace this one with. You wouldn’t happen to know would you? I am very new in the vintage camera seen and could use the help.

  15. Jim Grey Avatar

    It’s hard telling without seeing the flash unit, but flashes of this era commonly took #5 bulbs. I find such flash units to be more hassle than they’re worth. The Signet 40 is a wonderful outdoors camera!

  16. Dave Massey Avatar
    Dave Massey

    I acquired a Signet 40 but the rangefinder is pretty dirty. How can you clean the inside of the rangefinder glass (the one with the triangle)? Thanks.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      I’m afraid I’ve never disassembled one, so I’m no help. Perhaps another reader will have the info.

  17. Marc Beebe Avatar

    For $10 I’d have bought it too.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      It’s an AMAZING $10 camera. It would be a meh $50 camera.

  18. Lyn Whiston Avatar
    Lyn Whiston

    I have owned Signet 35, 40, and 80 cameras. In my opinion the latter two are junk– poorly designed and flimsy. On the other hand the Signet 35 is a gem– excellent Ektar 44mm f/3.5 lens, bright finder and contrasty rangefinder triangle. It feels solid enough to be used as a hammer. Downside is shutter range of only 25-300 speeds.

    1. Jim Grey Avatar

      I’ve yet to find a used Signet 35 that works. Maybe I should try harder.

      I liked the 40. Sure, it’s not a camera built for the ages. But it has a good lens.

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